By Peter Trudgill
Dialects is an introductory textual content which covers the major matters within the box of dialectology. Dialects: * seems to be on the courting among neighborhood and social version in language * Explores how and why assorted forms of language enhance * Examines quite a lot of British dialects * consists of readers in gathering info
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Extra resources for Dialects (Language Workbooks)
They all have grammar. It’s just that their grammar is different. 1 Translate the following passage into (a) East Anglian dialect; and (b) Berkshire dialect, using appropriate present-tense verb forms: Richard knows a lot about places to go to, but I study more than he does, and we see very little of each other now. My other friends seem not to be very good at going out either. ). 2 Consider the following passage, which is written in the older London Cockney dialect, and see if you can analyse what grammatical rule for present-tense verbs is in operation here.
Since then it has spread across the country from place to place, arriving in urban areas first and then spreading out into neighbouring rural areas. At the moment it is much more common in the south and east of Scotland and the eastern parts of England than it is in the Scottish Highlands, western England and Glottal stop 33 34 DIALECT BOUNDARIES Wales. It is clearly spreading, though, and is beginning to be common in Liverpool and Birmingham, and has very recently been introduced into Cardiff.
You hurt yourself. He hurt himself. She hurt herself. We hurt ourselves. You hurt yourselves. They hurt themselves. 3 In what respect can the dialects of East Anglia and Berkshire be said to be more regular than Standard English (see Unit 9)? 4 If these past-tense verb forms were to be regularised, what would the new regular forms be? 5 List some grammatical points where the local dialect of your region or regions is more regular than Standard English. 7. 6 We have seen in this unit that grammatical differences between dialects are the results of changes in the language.