By Lisa Lai-Shen Cheng, Norbert Corver
Analysis is an important a part of clinical learn. It refers back to the technique of deciding upon a phenomenon, estate, or situation at the foundation of sure symptoms and by means of numerous diagnostic tactics. This ebook is the 1st ever to contemplate using diagnostics in syntactic examine and makes a speciality of the 5 center domain names of ordinary language syntax - ellipsis, contract, anaphora, phrasal stream, and head stream. every one empirical area is taken into account in flip from the views of syntax, syntax on the interfaces, neuropsycholinguistics, and language range. Drawing at the services of 20 top students and their empirically wealthy information, the publication provides present recommendations on, and functional solutions to, the query What are the diagnostic symptoms, innovations and techniques that may be used to examine traditional language syntax? it's going to curiosity linguists, together with formalists, typologists, psycholinguists and neurolinguists.
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Extra resources for Diagnosing Syntax
43) Spell-out principle 1 (spell-out of ð) Phonological information, ð, introduced in a head H that is part of the extended projection of a lexical item, can be spelled-out in H or in any head within the extended projection that c-commands H and does not either introduce its own ð, or is linearly separated from H by a head in the same extended projection with its own ð (afﬁxes are not marked ð). (44) Spell-out principle 2 (spell-out of afﬁxes 1 (spell-out of ð)) a. An afﬁx must be spelled-out on the closest ð that it c-commands.
4 Relativized Minimality That displacement of a head is blocked by a higher phonologically expressed head in the same extended projection chain of heads, is a strong diagnostics for HM: a verb cannot move across an auxiliary (20a), whereas a subject DP may (20b). Likewise, the object DP in (21a) cannot move across the subject DP,9 but the auxiliary head in (21b) can: this follows from Relativized Minimality, Rizzi (1990). (20) a. *John thrown had thrown the ball b. John had John thrown the ball.
Consider the examples in (23), showing a potentialis afﬁx in Latin and in North Saami (Julien 2002: 290): 9 As pointed out by the editors, there are cases where an object DP is allowed to move across a subject DP: (i) I believed that the ball John had thrown the ball in the basket. See Lasnik and Saito (1992) for a discussion of these object displacements to a position in front of the subject DP. 30 (23) Christer Platzack a. Hoc sine ulla dubitatione conﬁrmem. pot ‘This may be conﬁrmed without doubt’ b.