By Michael Keating
On 18 September 2014, Scotland held a referendum at the query: should still Scotland be an self sufficient nation? this can be a most unique occasion in smooth democracies and engaged the political category, civil society, and most people to an unheard of measure, resulting in an eighty five in keeping with cent turnout within the ultimate vote. This was once an get together to discuss not only the slender constitutional factor however the way forward for the nation, together with the economic system, social welfare, defence and protection, and Scotland's position in Europe and the realm. Debating Scotland comes from a staff of researchers who saw the debates from close-up and engaged with each side, with the media and with the general public in interpreting the problems, whereas ultimate impartial at the independence query. The ebook examines the most matters at stake, how they have been awarded, and the way they advanced over the process the crusade. The editors and contributing authors discover the methods either independence and union have been framed, the commercial matters, the foreign money, welfare, defence and safety, the eu Union, and the way the instance of small self sufficient states was once used. the amount concludes with an research of voter responses, dependent upon unique survey learn, which demonstrates how perceptions of chance and uncertainty at the major matters performed a key position within the outcome. Read more...
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Additional info for Debating Scotland. Issues of independence and union in the 2014 referendum
The No side argued that this was not compatible with NATO membership, while the SNP pointed to other NATO states which did not host nuclear weapons. Leftist independence supporters continued to oppose both NATO and nuclear weapons. Overall, however, defence and foreign affairs did not feature strongly in the campaign. Risk and Uncertainty Since the proposal for independence was unprecedented and the evidence so contested, there was a great deal of uncertainty about the likely outcome of either a Yes or a No vote.
Scotland and England have been formally uniﬁed for over 300 years, and although Scotland has many independent institutions, the economies of the two nations are very closely integrated. This means that there are no comparable data for identifying the likely impact of independence using empirical (especially econometric) research. Economists specializing in a number of ﬁelds, including the economics of country size, ﬁscal federalism, international trade, and optimal currency areas, have an interest.
Yes played on the idea of Scotland’s egalitarian and welfare tradition, while No emphasized the role of the UK as a sharing union, which could pool risks and mobilize a larger resource base to deal with economic shocks. Once 23 Michael Keating and Nicola McEwen again, both sides sought to highlight the risks in the other’s option. The Yes campaign stressed the dangers of further austerity and welfare cuts imposed from Westminster. Their opponents questioned whether an independent Scotland could afford to maintain the existing levels of services and entitlements, let alone the enhanced provision that the SNP proposed.