By Manfred Pienemann
Seven years in the past Manfred Pienemann proposed a unique psycholinguistic concept of language improvement, Processability thought (PT). This quantity examines the typological plausibility of PT. targeting the purchase of Arabic, chinese language and eastern the authors exhibit the potential of PT to make designated and verifiable predictions in regards to the developmental time table for every language. This cross-linguistic viewpoint is additionally utilized to the research of L1 move by means of evaluating the influence of processability and typological proximity. The typological point of view is prolonged via together with a comparability of other varieties of language acquisition. The structure of PT is increased by means of the addition of a moment set of ideas that contributes to the formal modeling of degrees of processability, particularly the mapping of argument-structure onto sensible constitution in lexical mapping concept. This step yields the inclusion of various extra phenomena within the processability hierarchy hence widening the scope of PT.
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Additional info for Cross-Linguistic Aspects of Processability Theory
He eat-s at home) will be examined. In the area of syntax I will concentrate on word order. The phenomena I will look at are the following: – – – – – – – – – – – – One-word utterances Do-Fronting Topicalisation (Topi) Yes-no Inversion Copula Inversion Tense agreement Do/Aux 2nd Cancel Inversion Canonical word order Neg + V Adverb Fronting (ADV) Particle Verbs One-word utterances are typical of early learner English. ” Canonical word order (SVO) can be found in most affirmative sentences in English.
Figure 9 displays structural options that exist in the development of structure as a tree diagram where each node represents a point at which more specialised structures can develop. The top node contains the initial structural information. The tree allows for different developmental paths. However, once a decision has been made and a new structure has been added, it is very costly, if not impossible, for the developmental process to move to a different developmental path. In effect, changing the developmental path would mean that all developmental steps up to the node that gives access to the alternative path would have to be cancelled.
The situation is rather different with Subject-Verb agreement marking. The features for Number and Person have to be unified across constituent boundaries and the grammatical information consisting of the values of the diacritic features ‘person’ and ‘number’ have to be deposited in the S-procedure to be placed in the specified constituent of S. This is illustrated below: [This man] NPsubj [owns] V . . (Present) | | Person = 3 Person = 3 NUM = SG NUM = SG In other words, SV-agreement marking requires the presence of the Sprocedure and is therefore located at level 5 of the hierarchy.