Crime Prevention: Theory, Policy, and Politics by Daniel Gilling

By Daniel Gilling

This paintings summarizes and synthesizes the giant crime prevention literature to supply an approachable and finished textual content for college students. It units out a severe research within the context of the politics of felony justice coverage.

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Rather, the practical influence of the system itself ensured that it was those aspects of theories that had something to say about criminals that were given greater precedence, and attracted greater interest and investment. Hence, as Brantingham & Jeffery observe in their account of early disinterest in the spatial characteristics of crime, “spatial patterns became the method by which the sources of individual behaviour were to be discovered, rather than independent dimensions of the criminal event” (1991:234).

She suggests, then, that defensible space may be a necessary but not sufficient condition for crime prevention, but even this is debatable, for Mayhew (1979) draws attention to the existence of estates that have low defensible space and also low crime rates. This neglect of social factors is a theme repeated in other research—notably that conducted by the Home Office, which sought to test Newman’s theory as it applied to vandalism (Wilson 1980). The results showed that design variables correlated far less closely with crime rates than did a particularly important social variable, namely child density: the more children, the more likely vandalism became.

Bottoms 1974) whether the reason for their omission had any thing to do with their possibly not fitting the hypothesis. Furthermore, both the comparison and the larger statistical analysis uncritically accepted the official police data, and did not consider other data that might have been relevant, such as the social class composition of residents, their respective offender rates (Mawby 1977), other relevant social data, and data from the early years of the estates studied, which might have accounted for differences in their reputations.

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