Counterinsurgency and the Global War on Terror: Military by Robert M. Cassidy

By Robert M. Cassidy

For the reason that September 2001, the us has waged what the govt. in the beginning known as the worldwide conflict on terrorism (GWOT). starting in past due 2005 and early 2006, the time period lengthy struggle began appearing in U.S. defense files akin to the nationwide safety Council's nationwide approach for Victory in Iraq and in statements via the U.S. Secretary of safety and the Chairman of the JCS. the outline lengthy War?€”unlimited in time and house and carrying on with for decades?€”is in the direction of truth and extra necessary than GWOT.Colonel Robert Cassidy argues that this protracted fight is extra accurately seen as a world insurgency and counterinsurgency. Al Qaeda and its associates, he continues, include a unique and evolving kind of networked insurgents who function globally, harnessing the benefits of globalization and the data age. They hire terrorism as a tactic, subsuming terror inside of their overarching objective of undermining the Western-dominated procedure of states. putting the conflict opposed to al Qaeda and its allied teams and enterprises within the context of an international insurgency has very important implications for doctrine, interagency coordination, and armed forces cultural change-all reviewed during this very important work.Cassidy combines the most important maxims of the main trendy Western thinker of battle and the main well known jap thinker of warfare to reach at a threefold subject matter: comprehend the enemy, comprehend your self, and understand what sort of struggle you're embarking upon. to assist readers arrive at that realizing, he first deals a distilled research of al Qaeda and its linked networks, with a specific concentrate on ideology and tradition. In next chapters, he elucidates the demanding situations huge powers face after they prosecute counterinsurgencies, utilizing historic examples from Russian, American, British, and French counterinsurgent wars prior to 2001. The booklet concludes with innovations for the mixing and command and keep watch over of indigenous forces and different firms.

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This means that great power militaries do not innovate well. This is particularly true when the required innovations and adaptations lie outside the scope of the conventional-war focus. In other words, great powers do not ‘‘win’’small wars because they are great powers: their militaries must maintain a central competence in symmetric warfare to preserve their great power status vis-a`-vis other great powers; and their militaries must be large organizations. These two characteristics combine to create a formidable competence on the plains of Europe or in the deserts of Iraq.

In war, military strategy encompasses the identification of strategic objectives, the allocation of resources, decisions on the use of force, and the development of war plans. Moreover, organizational culture is the pattern of assumptions, ideas, and beliefs that prescribe how a group should adapt to its external environment and manage its internal structure. Finally, military culture is a set of beliefs, attitudes, and values within the military establishment that shape collective (shared) preferences of how and when military means should be used to accomplish strategic aims.

This means that one could expect the Russian military to adapt very slowly to a new type of war, even in the face of a changed security environment. This is particularly true when the required innovations and adaptations lie outside the scope of the conventional-war focus. In other words, this chapter will revisit a theme that Chapter 2 examined, the notion that great powers do not win small wars because they are great powers: their militaries must maintain a central competence in symmetric warfare to preserve their great power status vis-a`vis other great powers; and their militaries must be large organizations.

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