By Ferenc L. Toth (auth.), Dr. Ferenc L. Toth (eds.)
The Potsdam Institute for weather influence study (PIK) used to be based in 1992 as a "Blue checklist" study institute, with the Federal Ministry for schooling, technological know-how, learn and expertise and the Ministry for technology, examine and tradition of the federal country of Brandenburg every one provid ing part ofthe investment. PIK at present has a employees of a hundred (1997), together with approximately seventy five scientists and visitor scientists, in addition to a few scholars and transitority assistants. extra enlargement is occurring on the institute web site within the "Albert Einstein" technology Park in Potsdam. The interdisciplinary nature of weather influence examine, specially the interface among the average clinical and socioeconomic dimensions of environmental examine, is mirrored at PIK within the shut cooperation with accomplice institutes at nationwide and overseas point. The versatile body paintings created for the institute permits new difficulties and concerns to be taken up as they come up. As a middle of clinical innovation, PIK additionally coordinates foreign actions within the fields of weather influence examine and Earth method research. The institute homes undertaking places of work for the IGBP overseas examine courses, for instance. Simulations of worldwide swap are played on PIK's supercomputer utilizing versions and information drawn from numerous disciplines. The parallel compu ter (an IBM-SP2) boasts 20 gigaflops of computing energy, making it the most strong examine pcs in Germany. The Workshop on Cost-Benefit Analyses of weather swap was once together prepared through PIK and the Wuppertal Institute for strength, weather, and surroundings (WI).
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Extra info for Cost-Benefit Analyses of Climate Change: The Broader Perspectives
1995). Using the EdmondslReillylBarns model, they analyze the effects of a uniform carbon tax, tradable permits and individual national targets (non-tradable permits) on the regional costs and benefits. Due to the static structure of the ERB model, it is assumed that participants in an international agreement agree to hold emissions constant at rates equal to those at the time of initial participation. As seen above, there is a variety of different emission paths to achieving a desired concentration level.
L. ) © 1998 Birkhauser Verlag Basel/Switzerland 29 Dynamics of policy instruments and the willingness to participate in an international agreement Jiirgen E. Blank Westfalische Wilhelms-UniversiHit Munster, Lehrstuhl fUr Volkswirtschaftstheorie, Universitatsstr. 14-16, D-48143 Munster, Germany 1. Introduction The greenhouse problem can be characterized by the following features: o The damage is not caused by the flow of emissions but merely by the global accumulated stock in the atmosphere. Therefore neither the region nor the time of emissions (within a range of some decades) is relevant for the damage.
4 Grandfathering and GDP-weighted emissions are advantageous to the industrialized world, whose greenhouse gas emissions have already reached very high levels. As it is disadvantageous for industrializing countries, whose greenhouse gas emissions will rise drastically (China and Far East), these countries are unlikely to participate. If such a scheme is implemented, greenhouse gas emissions will decline over the next decade, but in the long run one has to expect rising emissions from the nonparticipating countries.