By Svenja Adolphs
"Corpus and Context" explores the connection among corpus linguistics and pragmatics through discussing attainable frameworks for analysing utterance functionality at the foundation of spoken corpora. The ebook articulates the demanding situations and possibilities linked to a metamorphosis of concentration in corpus learn, from lexical to practical devices, from concordance strains to prolonged stretches of discourse, and from the in basic terms textual to multi-modal research of spoken corpus information. Drawing on a few spoken corpora together with the 5 million notice Cambridge and Nottingham Corpus of Discourse in English (CANCODE, funded via CUP (c)), a particular speech act functionality is being explored utilizing assorted methods and assorted degrees of research. This comprises an in depth research of contextual variables relating to lexico-grammatical and discoursal styles that emerge from the corpus information, in addition to a much wider dialogue of the position of context in spoken corpus examine.
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Extra info for Corpus and Context: Investigating Pragmatic Functions in Spoken Discourse (Studies in Corpus Linguistics, Volume 30)
Instead, we find that the term is being used to describe different phenomena which are tied to varying degrees to actual languagein-use. Syntactic functions, for example, refer to the role of subject, object etc. 5 (268-316) Chapter 2. Spoken discourse and corpus analysis Firth 1957 and Halliday 1973, 1978). Halliday (1970) distinguishes between the ideational, interpersonal and the textual function. The ideational function refers to the expression of content while the interpersonal function serves to establish and maintain social relations, and the textual function relates to the construction of text in context.
The transactional category includes interactions in which the speakers do not know one another, and is often found in ‘goods-and-services’ encounters where the exchange of goods is one of the main aims of the interaction (Ventola 1987). The pedagogic category includes any interaction in which the relationship between the speakers is defined by the pedagogic context, such as is the case in tutorials, seminars and lectures. As the emphasis here is on the speaker relationship rather than the setting, conversations between lecturers, as well as academic staff meetings were classified as professional rather than pedagogic.
The discourse episode reflects the dynamic nature of discourse in that it takes account of emerging goal-orientation and goal negotiation of participants. As such, it includes utterances beyond the traditional dyad which might contribute to the interpretation of a specific speech act expression. There are a number of layers in face-to-face interaction which contribute to the meaning of an utterance. While research on spoken corpora so far has mainly focused on analysing transcripts, new developments in the compilation of corpora with aligned data-streams, including text, sound and video, afford new descriptions of how these different modalities interact to create meaning in discourse.