By Hugh R. Clark
The learn strains the industrial and demographic historical past of a nook of China's southeast coast from the 3rd to the 13th centuries, taking a look at the connection among alterations within the agrarian and concrete economies of the realm and their connections to the increasing function of household and international alternate. It offers a formerly unexplored point of view at the position of commercialized creation and exchange in a nearby economic system within the premodern period and demonstrates that exchange used to be capable of force swap in a premodern financial system in a fashion that has now not regularly been well-known.
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Extra resources for Community, Trade, and Networks: Southern Fujian Province from the Third to the Thirteenth Century
As for the first, the simple answer is that most immigrants came from "the North"; exactly what that might mean is harder to say. 6 Aoyama Sadao, in a series of studies published since the Pacific War, demonstrated a pattern of migration from the North among the emerging elites of the South in the Tang and Song eras,7 and the scant information that survives on Quannan reveals the same pattern. , Quanzhou) in 711 and died while in office. 8 Cai Rujin quit his position as prefect of Taiyuan in Hedong and retired to Quannan in the tianbao period (742—56).
Chang were tax collection stations of the Salt and Iron Commission, the agency that had full authority over the finances of south China throughout the latter half of the Tang. 17 With very few exceptions, they were administrative forerunners of xian. From such a functional description, it is obvious that chang reflected patterns of population distribution; their appearance reflects the rise of new centers of settlement. In the case of Quannan, we know of five chang established in the course of the eighth and ninth centuries either along the coast or, more generally, in the interior river valleys;18 their history is summarized in Table 3.
51 Bao's poem provides a different kind of testimony than does the first passage; it is, without a doubt, the first text to state that foreigners were coming to Quanzhou. It is too vague, however, to be conclusive evidence of the rise of the South Seas trade in Quanzhou. Who, after all, are we to interpret "the people of the sacred isles" to be? Can we conclude that they were traders from the South Seas? Several mid-ninth-century sources suggest more conclusively that the trade had come to Fujian.