Classical Greek Syntax: Wackernagel’s Law in Herodotus by David Goldstein

By David Goldstein

In Classical Greek Syntax: Wackernagel's legislations in Herodotus, David Goldstein bargains the 1st theoretically-informed research of second-position clitics in historical Greek and demanding situations the long-standing trust that Greek notice order is loose or past the achieve of systematic research. at the foundation of Herodotus Histories, he demonstrates that there are in truth systematic correspondences among clause constitution and which means. an important to this new version of the Greek clause is Wackernagel s legislation, the generalization that enclitics and postpositives take place in moment place, as those periods of phrases supply a reliable anchor for examining sentence constitution. the result of this paintings not just restoration note order as an interpretive size of Greek texts, but additionally offer a framework for the research of different parts of syntax in Greek, in addition to archaic Indo-European extra broadly."

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Cf. LeSourd (2014) on the PP in Maliseet-Passamaquoddy (Algonquian; New Brunswick and Maine). 26 chapter 2 A central argument of this book is that second-position clitics reveal a split in the clause, between the S node and the preposed topic (adjoined to CP in the tree above) and non-monotonic focus projections (adjoined to S in the tree above). 13 What this predicts is that the host of a clausal clitic will never precede an interrogative pronoun; there are in fact no exceptions to this generalization in Herodotus.

20) Narrow Focus a. QUD: What did the Greeks call him? τὸν οἱ Ἕλληνες [Μυρσίλον]F ὀνομάζουσι. pl [Myrsílɔn]F ɔnɔmázdɔusi. 1 b. QUD: What is the country like on account of the heat? [ἔρημος]F γάρ ἐστι ἡ χώρη αὕτη ὑπὸ καύματος. sg kʰɔ́ ːrɛː haútɛː hypɔ̀ kaúmatɔs. 1 c. QUD: What did the Cimmerian host do to the cities in Ionia? τὸ γὰρ Κιμμερίων στράτευμα τὸ ἐπὶ τὴν Ἰωνίην ἀπικόμενον Κροίσου ἐὸν πρεσβύτερον οὐ [καταστροφὴ]F ἐγένετο τῶν πολίων, ἀλλ’ ἐξ ἐπιδρομῆς ἁρπαγή. pl harpagɛ́ː. 3 d. QUD: What was Candaules’ relationship to Gyges?

QUD: What was I doing? [ἐπορευόμην μὲν ἐξ Ἀκαδημείας εὐθὺ Λυκείου]F τὴν ἔξω τείχους ὑπ᾽ αὐτὸ τὸ τεῖχος. sg hyp’ autɔ̀ tɔ̀ tɛĩkʰɔs. ’ plat. Lys. 19) Narrow Focus a. adv ptcl pɔrɛúɛːi kaì pɔ́ tʰɛn? ” ’ plat. Lys. 203a–203b b. QUD: Where are you coming from, and where are you going? [ἐξ Ἀκαδημείας]F, ἦν δ᾿ ἐγώ, πορεύομαι, [εὐθὺ Λυκείου]F. nom pɔrɛúɔmai, [ɛutʰỳ Lykɛíɔu]F. ’ plat. Lys. a), where Socrates sets the stage by reporting on what he was doing. The QUD is something along the lines of What was I doing?

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