An All-Consuming Century: Why Commercialism Won in Modern by Gary Cross

By Gary Cross

The unqualified victory of consumerism in the US used to be now not a foregone end. the us has usually been the house of the main competitive and sometimes considerate feedback of intake, together with Puritanism, Prohibition, the simplicity circulation, the '60s hippies, and the patron rights flow. yet on the sunrise of the twenty-first century, not just has American consumerism triumphed, there isn't even an "ism" left to problem it. An All-Consuming Century is a wealthy background of ways marketplace items got here to dominate American existence over that impressive hundred years among 1900 and 2000 and why for the 1st time in background there aren't any sensible limits to consumerism.

By 1930 a unique purchaser society had emerged within the usa during which the flavor, pace, regulate, and luxury of products provided new meanings of freedom, therefore laying the foundation for a full-scale ideology of consumer's democracy after international battle II. From the advent of Henry Ford's version T ["so low in fee that no guy creating a strong wage won't be able to possess one"] and the concepts in promoting that arrived with the dept shop (window monitors, self provider, the installment plan) to the advance of recent arenas for spending (amusement parks, penny arcades, baseball parks, and dance halls), americans embraced the hot tradition of commercialism -- with reservations. although, Gary pass indicates that even the melancholy, the counterculture of the Sixties, and the inflation of the Nineteen Seventies made american citizens extra materialistic, establishing new channels of hope and providing possibilities for extra cutting edge and competitive advertising. The conservative upsurge of the Eighties and '90s indulged in its personal model of self-aggrandizement by way of selling unrestricted markets. The consumerism of this day, thriving and principally unchecked, now not brings households and groups jointly; in its place, it more and more divides and isolates Americans.

Consumer tradition has supplied prosperous societies with peaceable choices to tribalism and sophistication warfare, move writes, and it has fueled outstanding monetary development. The problem for the long run is to discover how you can revive the nonetheless legitimate component to the tradition of constraint and keep an eye on the overwhelming good fortune of the all-consuming 20th century.

Show description

From the Tetrarchs to the Theodosians: Later Roman History

An built-in number of essays studying the politics, social networks, legislation, historiography, and literature of the later Roman global. the amount treats 3 critical subject matters: the 1st part appears to be like at political and social advancements around the interval and argues that, regardless of the tension positioned upon conventional social buildings, many parts of Roman lifestyles remained purely a bit of replaced. the second one part focuses upon biographical texts and exhibits how late-antique authors tailored conventional modes of discourse to new stipulations. the ultimate part explores the 1st years of the reign of Theodosius I and exhibits how he equipped upon historic foundations whereas unfurling new tools for using, providing, and commemorating imperial strength. those papers examine particular occasions and native advancements to focus on examples of either swap and continuity within the Roman international from 284–450.

Show description

Ordeal by Hunger by George R. Stewart

By George R. Stewart

The tragedy of the Donner celebration constitutes some of the most extraordinary tales of the yankee West. In 1846 eighty-seven humans — males, ladies, and youngsters — set out for California, persuaded to try a brand new overland direction. After suffering around the barren region, wasting many oxen, and approximately death of thirst, they reached the very summit of the Sierras, simply to be trapped by means of blinding snow and sour storms. Many perished; a few survived through resorting to cannibalism; all have been subjected to insufferable anguish. Incorporating the diaries of the survivors and different modern records, George Stewart wrote the definitive historical past of that ill-fated band of pioneers; an awesome account of what people could undergo and attain within the ultimate press of situation.

Show description

Robert Fludd: Hermetic Philosopher and Surveyor of Two by Joscelyn Godwin

By Joscelyn Godwin

Robert Fludd used to be one of many final of the genuine Renaissance males who software all studying as their safeguard and attempted to surround the total of human wisdom. Born in Elizabethan England, he turned a confident occultist whereas touring at the Continent. His voluminous writings have been dedicated to protecting the philosophy of the alchemists and Rosicrucians and utilising their doctrines to an unlimited description of guy and the universe. All of Fludd's very important plates are accumulated right here for the 1st time, annotated and defined including an creation to his lifestyles and suggestion.

Show description

Fortifications of the Incas 1200-1531 (Osprey Fortress, by H. W. Kaufmann, J. E. Kaufmann

By H. W. Kaufmann, J. E. Kaufmann

The best interval of Inca enlargement happened through the reigns of Pachacuti (1438–71), Tupa Inca (1471–93), and Huayna Capac (1493–1527). From the mountain stronghold of Cuzco, they subjugated the encompassing kingdoms and territories, soaking up their civilizations and their peoples. via 1525, they ruled a lot of the west of the continent, counting on fortified strongholds, an intensive procedure of roads an bridges, and compulsory army carrier to regulate neighborhood populations. This identify takes a close examine the advance of Incan fortification recommendations, and examines how they got here to be overrun via the Spanish conquistadors.

Show description

The Grand Spas of Central Europe: A History of Intrigue, by David Clay Large

By David Clay Large

The Grand Spas of crucial Europe leads readers on an impossible to resist travel in the course of the grand spa cities of significant Europe—fabled areas like Baden-Baden, undesirable Ems, undesirable Gastein, Karlsbad, and Marienbad. famous historian David Clay huge follows the grand spa tale from Greco-Roman antiquity to the current, focusing in particular at the years among the French Revolution and international warfare II, a interval during which the main significant ecu Kurorte (“cure-towns”) reached their top of effect after which slipped into decline.

Written with verve and affection, the booklet explores the grand spa cities, which of their leading have been an similar of today’s significant clinical facilities, rehab retreats, golfing inns, convention complexes, model indicates, song fairs, and sexual hideaways—all rolled into one. traditional drugs being rather primitive via so much of this period, humans went to the spas in hopes of curing every little thing from melanoma to gout. yet usually as now not “curists” additionally went to play, to be entertained, and to socialise. of their heyday the grand spas have been hotbeds of cultural creativity, real meccas of the humanities. High-level politics used to be one other grand spa strong point, with statesmen descending at the Kurorte to barter treaties, craft alliances, and plan wars.

This army scheming was once only one element of a darker facet to the grand spa tale, one rife with nationalistic rivalries, ethnic hatred, and racial prejudice. The grand spas, it seems, have been microcosms of adjusting sociopolitical realities—not in any respect the “timeless” oases of concord they generally claimed to be. The Grand Spas of significant Europe holds up a gilt-framed yet clear-eyed reflect to the ever-changing face of ecu society—dimples, warts, and all.

Show description

The Admiral and the Ambassador: One Man's Obsessive Search by Scott Martelle

By Scott Martelle

Because the French Revolution accrued steam, the precise position of Jones's grave—and, actually, the precise place of St. Louis cemetery in Paris, the place he used to be buried in 1792—was forgotten: details on his dying and burial have been destroyed within the Paris Commune and the few who had attended his burial had kicked the bucket. His physique had, notwithstanding, been preserved in a lead-lined coffin jam-packed with alcohol; theoretically, if the coffin can be situated, Jones can be again to the U.S. for correct burial. The Admiral and the Ambassador info Porter's lengthy, unrelenting look for that coffin, first via scraps of archive fabric and written memories of funeral attendees, after which underneath the rickety structures that were built over what he believed to be the graveyard. This publication, the single full-length account of the hunt for and discovery of John Paul Jones's physique, deals a desirable investigate the charismatic, real-life characters who populated the 1st century of the us of the United States.

Show description

Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis by Katherine Clarke

By Katherine Clarke

This e-book has major and hooked up subject matters - the belief and articulation of time within the Greek global and the construction of heritage, specially within the context of the Greek urban. either how time is expressed and the way the prior is gifted have usually been noticeable as reflections of society. by means of taking a look at the development of the earlier in the course of the medium of neighborhood historiography, the place we will view those concerns within the really limited global of person city-states, we will be able to achieve a clearer perception into how assorted types of the prior and assorted structures of time have been provided to the neighborhood for approval. during this means, the electorate have been capable of negotiate time earlier and certainly their very own historical past, and thereby to specific their values and aspirations.

Show description