Category Neutrality: A Type-Logical Investigation by Neil Whitman

By Neil Whitman

"Feature neutrality" is an argument that has acquired a lot recognition between linguists. for instance, ponder the sentence, "I have by no means, and should by no means, placed my identify in this document." the following, the verb 'put' acts concurrently as a previous participle (as in "have by no means put") and a base shape (as in "will by no means put"), and is consequently stated to be impartial among the 2 varieties. comparable examples were came across for plenty of languages.
The accredited knowledge is that neutrality is feasible just for morphosyntactic positive aspects similar to verb shape, gender, quantity, declension class-not on the point of gross syntactic type, the place the semantic transformations are extra major. In different phrases, it's been claimed that "category neutrality," the place a be aware or word is used concurrently with multiple syntactic type, doesn't exist. (A recognized instance is the obtrusive ungrammaticality of this sentence, during which "can" is used concurrently as a prime verb and auxiliary verb: "I can tuna and get a brand new job.") during this publication, although, Neal Whitman exhibits that classification neutrality does exist in English. This not just demanding situations the present pondering, but in addition increases foundational questions on the character of ambiguity.

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Additional info for Category Neutrality: A Type-Logical Investigation (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics)

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This claim was proven by Gentzen (1934), and extended to the Associative Lambek Calculus by Lambek (1958). For an explanation of the algorithm for converting a proof to a Cut-free proof, see Moortgat (1997:108–110). With Cut removed from the inventory of rules, it is possible to see how the Gentzen sequent calculus allows decidability: In each L or R rule (reading from bottom to top—in other words, starting from the sequent to be proven), a constructor is eliminated, so that each branch of the tree will ultimately end in a premise containing no constructors at all.

A good example is adjectives. , This book is good vs. a good book). In contrast, linguists concerned with polysemy would focus on the difference between This book is good or a good book on the one hand, and This lawyer is good or a good lawyer on the other. Fourth, polysemy is an exclusively lexical phenomenon, whereas category neutrality can arise in the syntax. Though most of this dissertation will be examining lexical category neutrality, there will be a few cases in which a phrase can have more than one category simultaneously, even though no word within it does.

By contrast, if a categorial difference is involved, the vagueness (if one were to call it that) will range only over some fairly small number of categories. For example, consider the transitive and intransitive readings for eat. The only categories involved are < previous page page_19 next page > < previous page page_20 next page > Page 20 VP/NP and VP,2 but within the entry for each category, there is the same kind of vagueness seen in teacher: For example, intransitive eat is vague as to whether the understood meal is breakfast, lunch, dinner, or perhaps just a snack.

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