By William O'Grady
The critical goal of this e-book is to supply a unified remedy of morphological case in Korean. Focussing at the nominative, accusative and dative suffixes, the writer seeks to teach that every of those morphemes regularly encodes a corresponding combinatorial relation within the 'surface' kind of sentences.In aid of his research, the writer discusses a large and consultant variety of Korean case marking styles, delivering one of many extra whole remedies of case on hand for any language. This ebook should still as a result be invaluable not just to Koreanists but in addition to researchers drawn to the case platforms of different languages.Written in a method that makes it obtainable to readers from numerous backgrounds in linguistics and different disciplines, different types and Case additionally presents an excellent creation to many very important syntactic phenomena within the Korean language.
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Extra info for Categories and Case: The Sentence Structure of Korean
4) In (4), the nominative and accusative affixes are assigned to term NPs in accordance with the case-marking conventions suggested at the beginning of this chapter: -ul marks the term NP combining with a TV while -i appears on the term NP combining with an IV category. In contrast, the dative postposition -eykey heads a PP and is hence not associated with a term NP at all. A major advantage of treating the dative suffix as a PP-creating particle manifests itself in the analysis of passive sentences such as (5), in which -eykey can be used to mark the 'demoted' actor.
Intransitive) as well as the thematic role class of its arguments. The lexical entry of a typical transitive verb such as ilk-ta 'read' would therefore include the information in (6). Subscripts are used to indicate the class to which the individual thematic roles associated with each NP belong; a = actor class, t = theme class. (6) ilk-ta 'read': TV - NPa NPt 30 CATEGORIES AND CASE Although (6) indicates that ilk-ta takes two NP terms, one with an actor-type role and the other with a theme-type role, it does not specify which of these is to be encoded as subject and which as direct object, Yet, as we have seen, only one option is permitted.
Thus, sentence (1) will have the structure depicted in (4). (4) In (4), the nominative and accusative affixes are assigned to term NPs in accordance with the case-marking conventions suggested at the beginning of this chapter: -ul marks the term NP combining with a TV while -i appears on the term NP combining with an IV category. In contrast, the dative postposition -eykey heads a PP and is hence not associated with a term NP at all. A major advantage of treating the dative suffix as a PP-creating particle manifests itself in the analysis of passive sentences such as (5), in which -eykey can be used to mark the 'demoted' actor.