Byzantine Military Organization on the Danube, 10th–12th by Alexandru Madgearu

By Alexandru Madgearu

The present nation of analysis in this touch quarter among Byzantium and East principal Europe in the course of a stricken interval invitations a brand new synthesis of the latest reveals and interpretations. No such complete paintings addressing either literary and archaeological facts exists for the heritage of the Byzantine Danubian provinces within the 10th-12th c.
The major function Alexandru Madgearu's booklet is to set up a chronology for the provincial association and for the advance of the Danubian frontier. First a protect opposed to the Rus’, the province of Dristra, later known as Paradunavon, grew to become extra a touch and clash region with the Pechenegs and Cumans, became by means of the top of the eleventh century in a half-open area, in response to the hot technique of Alexius I Comnenus.

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87 Later, it became clear that the stone from Mircea Vodă has two inscriptions, carved at two different moments. 88 Župan Demetrius has therefore nothing to do with the events of 943, whatever those may have been. 89 However, no source mentions any Pecheneg raid either in 943 or in 944. The region behind the dike was a march-like district of medieval Bulgaria. 90 One of the Cyrillic inscriptions in 84 Panaitescu 1978 b, 247–251. 85 Diaconu 1962, 1215–1236; Diaconu 1965 b, 189–199, 383–394; Diaconu 1972 a, 375–378.

On the basis of the alleged existence in Capidava of a ninth-century Byzantine fortress, Radu Florescu once believed that the Lykostomion theme came into being at some point during the last third of the 8th century, shortly after the successful campaigns led by Emperor Constantine V against Bulgaria. 63 If so, the territorial expansion of Bulgaria during the reign of Krum left no room for any Byzantine territory extending as far south. While it is theoretically possible that the theme was established first during the reign of Constantine V,64 its operation must have been interrupted between 812 and 863.

The forts must have been in the vicinity of Dorostolon, and if so, their mission was probably to prevent Pecheneg attacks. 116 One could go as far as to interpret this as a tactical move in relation to the siege, for it would otherwise make no sense to give up on those troops at the very moment the emperor most needed them. Therefore, one would have to admit that the forts mentioned by Skylitzes could not have been too far from Dorostolon. Control over them meant a serious blow to the enemy’s forces and, perhaps, an attempt to cut any possibility of withdrawal.

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