By Tony Hadland & Hans-Erhard Lessing & Nick Clayton & Gary W. Sanderson
The bicycle ranks as essentially the most enduring, most generally used automobiles on the earth, with greater than a thousand million produced in the course of nearly 2 hundred years of biking heritage. This booklet deals an authoritative and entire account of the bicycle's technical and old evolution, from the earliest velocipedes (invented to fill the necessity for horseless delivery in the course of a scarcity of oats) to sleek racing motorcycles, mountain motorcycles, and recumbents. It strains the bicycle's improvement by way of fabrics, ergonomics, and automobile physics, as performed by way of inventors, marketers, and manufacturers.
Written via prime bicycle historians and generously illustrated with old drawings, designs, and images, Bicycle Design describes the main phases within the evolution of the bicycle, starting with the counterintuitive concept of balancing on wheels in line, throughout the improvement of tension-spoked wheels, oblique drives (employing levers, pulleys, chains, and chainwheels), and pneumatic tires. The authors research the additional improvement of the bicycle for such particular reasons as racing, portability, and all-terrain use; and so they describe the evolution of bicycle parts together with seats, transmission, brakes, lighting fixtures (at first candle-based), and providers (racks, panniers, saddlebags, baby seats, and sidecars). they give thought to not just commercially winning designs but in addition advertisement mess ups that pointed the best way to destiny technological advancements. And they debunk a few myths approximately bicycles -- for instance, the incorrect yet often-cited concept that Leonardo sketched a chain-drive motorcycle in his notebooks. regardless of the bicycle's lengthy historical past and mass charm, its technological historical past has been ignored. This quantity, with its enticing and wide-ranging assurance, fills that hole. will probably be the start line for all destiny histories of the bicycle.
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Extra info for Bicycle design : an illustrated history
After all, they hadn’t learned to do so as children, as most people now do. As early as the summer of 1817, a Nuremberg mechanic named Carl Bauer turned his attention to the old idea of a threewheeler moved by arm power and levers, with the legs inactive in stirrups. Bauer produced a booklet on Drais and his machine (Bauer 1817) that included a copy of Drais’s copper plate before Drais himself could publish such a booklet. We have two letters in which users of draisines mention that they or their acquaintances had tested Bauer’s three-wheeler and that the results had been poor.
One can only list the small number of sources and discuss their problematic nature. One trusted source is US patent 59,915, granted to a French immigrant named Pierre Lallement and his American partner James Carroll in November of 1866. 3 Earliest known mentions of “Bicycle” (alias Cabriolet) and “Tricycle” (Journal des Artistes, July 6, 1828); entry for “Schnellfusz” in Grimm and Grimm’s Deutsches Wörterbuch (1854); patent drawing of Bernard’s railroad draisine of 1837. 42 C hapter 2 “vélocipède à deux roues” at the upcoming World’s Fair in Paris in 1867.
2 (continued) C hapter 1 In a letter dated 1833, the inventor Karl Drais recalled the fear of balancing among the populace. The entry is quoted here as translated from page 163 of Lessing 2003a: Nearly everywhere my performance on this instrument was attributed to my personal skill rather than to the invention itself. ” But they did not dare to sit on it, although I have taught several persons very well in four lessons. Return of the horses In the autumn of 1817, the first good harvest in several years was brought in, breeding and selling of horses resumed, and the window of opportunity for Karl Drais’s invention closed.