Anaphora Resolution and Text Retrieval by Helene Schmolz

By Helene Schmolz

The fields of linguistics and data expertise can cash in on one another in beneficial methods in the event that they get attached in a really interdisciplinary approach. This booklet makes a speciality of anaphora answer for the English language and exhibits how profitable a linguistic-computational point of view will be. It outlines all kinds of anaphors and their frequencies and in addition develops principles for resolving non-finite clause anaphors, that have by no means prior to been tested.

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Computational features are particularly taken into consideration in contexts where items classified as anaphors have to be distinguished from their non-anaphoric uses. Anaphors are here divided into 12 categories, which are: central pronouns; reciprocal pronouns; demonstrative pronouns; relative pronouns; adverbs; noun phrases with a definite article; proper names; indefinite pronouns; other forms of coreference and substitution; verb phrases with do and combinations with so, this, that, it and the same (thing); ellipses; and non-finite clauses.

As a result, only endophoric elements are seen as anaphors. Such a definition, on the one hand also includes those discourse deictic items with an explicit antecedent. On the other hand this means that discourse anaphors are excluded. – The referent of anaphors is determined in relation to their antecedents. In how far the antecedent is absolutely necessary for determining the referent of anaphors depends on the type of anaphor. Nevertheless, each anaphor relies – more or less – on its antecedent for interpretation.

28-36, 52-54). Halliday & Hasan (2008: 1, 13) only use cohesion, which also includes coherence in their terminology, to define a text: [T]he concept of cohesion accounts for the essential semantic relations whereby any passage of speech or writing is enabled to function as text. We can systematize this concept by classifying it into a small number of distinct categories – reference, substitution, ellipsis, conjunction, and lexical cohesion; categories which have a theoretical basis as distinct TYPES of cohesive relation, but which also provide a practical means for describing and analysing texts.

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