Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines by Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace

By Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council

This publication examines strength applied sciences for changing antipersonnel landmines through 2006, the U.S. objective date for signing a global treaty banning those guns. replacement applied sciences to interchange Antipersonnel Landmines emphasizes the position that know-how can play to permit convinced guns for use extra selectively, decreasing the risk to uninvolved civilians whereas enhancing the effectiveness of the U.S. army. Landmines are an immense weapon within the U.S. military's arsenal however the chronic sort could cause accidental casualties, to either civilians and pleasant forces. New applied sciences might exchange a few, yet no longer all, of the U.S. military's antipersonnel landmines by means of 2006. within the interval following 2006, rising applied sciences may perhaps dispose of the landmine completely, whereas maintaining the mandatory functionalities that latest mines supply to the army.

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They can also inflict casualties in the event of a full-scale attack. However, once cleared lanes have been established, current mines become less effective. Future systems could be capable of remaining effective without giving away their positions or being easily deactivated or cleared within a zone. Munitions could be equipped with noncontact sensing and tracking devices and some remote or area response. Remote response could be provided by rapidresponse rockets, antipersonnel versions of the Wide Area Munition (WAM), or robotic snipers.

Munitions could be equipped with noncontact sensing and tracking devices and some remote or area response. Remote response could be provided by rapidresponse rockets, antipersonnel versions of the Wide Area Munition (WAM), or robotic snipers. Area response could be provided by large fuel and air munitions, either placed in the ground or delivered remotely from a short distance away. 3 Current Uses of Antipersonnel Landmines Landmines are subtle and much misunderstood weapons. Traditionally they are a means of transforming the terrain to the defender’s advantage, rather than providing a definitive barrier.

For many international organizations, governments, and nongovernmental organizations, the humanitarian costs of mines outweigh their military advantages. INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS RESIDUAL HAZARDS OF MINES Nonself-destructing landmines, even when used according to the generally accepted Western doctrine of marking and recording minefields, can continue to pose hazards after conflicts have ended. The danger of nonself-destructing mines is part of the more general problem of unexploded ordnance, although hazards from landmines are particularly serious because they are target activated.

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