Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in by Gordon Marshall

By Gordon Marshall

What's the relation among social type and social justice? this is often presently an issue of public in addition to educational curiosity. during this compelling new examine the authors compile fresh advancements in normative puzzling over social justice with new empirical findings approximately academic attainment and social mobility. the result's a path-breaking contribution to the learn of sophistication and justice, person who should be of curiosity to sociologists and political theorists for future years.

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See, for details of the British case, Scott (1982: 1991). Moreover, as will be seen in due course, we focus our attention on the meritocratic defence of class inequalities, and issues of merit scarcely arise in this context: theories of social justice which emphasized entitlement would more easily be accommodated. ) Goldthorpe and Payne (1986: 21). Note here that the reference to ‘chances of economic advancement’ refers to prospective elements of the service relationship itself—salary increments, pension rights, and the like—rather than mobility propensities as such.

Goldthorpe and his colleagues accept that occupational title and employment status serve only as proxies in this respect. ) Evans (1992: 226–7). For an earlier (and cruder) test of the criterion validity of the Goldthorpe schema, see Marshall et al. (1988: ch. 4). See also Evans (1996). , the 5-category and 3-category versions used in Heath et al. (1985), and the two-category collapse in Erikson and Goldthorpe (1992b). ) Classic studies include Blau and Duncan (1967) and Featherman and Hauser (1978).

In the most widely used index of socio-economic status (that devised by O. D. Duncan), an occupation's socio-economic status is determined by a weighted combination (p. 35 ) of the average income and years of schooling characteristic of those in the occupation (though we are never told why), but the weights are derived as those that best fit perceptions of the occupational prestige attaching to people in certain specific occupations (for the details, see Duncan 1961). Is this then a measure of the occupation's prestige or its socio-economic resources?

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