Action: An Analysis of the Concept by D. Rayfield

By D. Rayfield

During the previous decade, there was massive curiosity between philosophers in offering a philosophically passable and valuable ana­ lysis of a specific form of human habit referred to as motion. As I see it, this curiosity is a renewal of the efforts of Aristotle, in Ethica Nicomachea, to supply an research of voluntary motion. due to this, and since Aristotle's differences relating to voluntriety are essentially right, what follows is in many ways a dialogue in compliment of Aristotle. yet i've got additionally argued for an research of motion so as to cross a way towards withstanding feedback that are introduced opposed to Aristotle's paintings in addition to feedback which might be introduced opposed to the extra con­ transitority efforts of others within the similar topic. In bankruptcy , I argue for 4 stipulations that are, whilst met, together helpful and adequate for a specific merchandise of human habit on a specific celebration to qualify as a human motion. The research doesn't let us ascertain specific form of habit, similar to killing, is usually an action.

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It is true that some of these senses are more primary (more often used) than others-it is true, for instance, that the legal use of "decide" (as in deciding questions and disputes) is more prominent or frequent than the sense in which one decides to do this or that. " I have argued that there is such a sense of the two verbs; namely, that in which each is followed by an infinitive phrase indicating something to be done. Moreover, I have suggested that this is the interesting sense of the two verbs; I have done so because it is with this sense that those working with ethical theories and theories of practical reasoning have been, and still are, primarily concerned.

And to Feinberg's: " ... we do not ordinarily raise the question of responsibility for something unless that something has somehow excited our interest ... "-op. , p. 144. ACTING, DOING, AND RESPONSIBILITY 45 Hart's original position was that sentences of the form "He did it" are primarily ascriptive rather than descriptive, their function being to ascribe responsibility for something which has been done. I have modified this, perhaps more than would be to his liking, to read as follows. Sentences of the form "He did it" are descriptive, their function being to state that So-and-so, A, has engaged in such-and-such behavior, X.

An acceptable excuse, on the other hand, will serve either to "reduce" the charge or else altogether to absolve Jones of responsibility for robbing the bank, while still maintaining that he did in fact commit the bank robbery. Pitcher's point is that a question like "Is A responsible for ... " But consider again that the context of Hart's discussion is legal. This is no doubt why his examples are of "wrongful acts," not because he overlooked other kinds of cases or because he meant his analysis to apply only to such behavior.

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